Amasa Lyman's History Latter-day Saints' Millennial Star 27 (1865): 472-73, 487-89, 502-504, 519-21, 535-37, 552-53 Amasa Lyman's History, p.504 - 521 Thus attired in our grotesque and uncouth garb, we started across the country to the Missouri River, at a point somewhere above the ferry crossing the Lexington, we reached the river, and when the mantle of night was over us we commenced our search for a canoe, in which to pass down the river; in this, however, we did not succeed, and when the signs of the coming day were discoverable in the east, we found shelter under the edge of a stack of hay by the way, and catched [caught] an hour's sleep, and then were up and away; and travelling down the river we found a Brother Benjamin Jones, who gave us some breakfast, after which we passed over the ferry, replenished our bottle and passed on through the town, passing several parties who were engaged in discussing the common topic of the day--the Mormons and their enemies.
From this place we passed down the river some twelve miles, where, near the close of the day, we secured a canoe, in which we passed down the river, until the darkness of night rendered our navigation rather unsafe, we landed, kept ourselves warm with a fire, which we supplied during the night. In the morning we resumed our way and landed at DeWitt about noon; but the Saints had all gone, save a few who had been prevented by the loss of stock. Of these were Zenos H. Gurly and Brother Simons.
We took dinner with some of the mob residents of the place, and were told by them that being strangers we might be suspected of being Mormons, and consequently unsafe in the place. Acting upon the suggestion we left the town, on the road leading to Carleton, and found lodging with Mr. Thomas, in the morning we were early on the way, got breakfast with a citizen who lived near the point where the trail made by the brethren when they left DeWitt diverged from the old road to the right. This trail we were travelling as fast as we could walk, when on turning abruptly around the point of a low ridge, we found ourselves in close proximity to two men on horseback, with arms. They were questioning a Brother Clark, as we subsequently learned, who was a stranger in the country, and was on the hunt for stock, a short distance ahead were some twenty men who were armed and mounted, the two dismissed Brother Clark and rode to the company, and returned to us with an addition to their number of some half a dozen, and made prisoners of us, asking who we were. We found in the company some men we had seen before in Daviess.
They had, in a wagon, a six pounder, which they were transporting to the north, at a cost of ten dollars per day. On this cannon, in the wagon, they allowed us to ride, at night we helped take the cannon from the wagon and secrete it in the hazel thicket, to prevent a surprise from the "Mormons," and then they placed a guard of four men with us, and in this way they kept us four days.
On the morning of the fifth, they told us we could go, but not to our friends, who were within seven miles of where we were. They forced us back on the road we came. We travelled some forty miles, in a light snow, and waded through Grand River. About nine o'clock at night we reached Brother York's on Shoal Creek. They fed and refreshed us, and in the morning we started for Far West, where we arrived the next day.
I went directly to Daviess County, where I found the cannon, on which Brother Dunn and myself had rode [ridden] during our captivity, the brethren having captured it soon after our release. While here, we heard that the mob were gathering on the southern borders of our county. On the receipt of the news I repaired to Far West, where I borrowed a horse of some brother whose name I have forgotten.
A company of spies were raised, composed of ten men, and I was appointed to take charge of them. We repaired to Crooked River, and quartered with Brother Pinkham.
From this point I went, taking with me Brother John Scott, to reconnoitre the country, leaving the residue of the company to keep a watch in the vicinity of their quarters.
We extended our search as far as the mouth of Crooked River, where we found Father Cutler and family, we gave to him and the brethren in that region the best instruction we could in the then existing emergency.
After spending a few days here, the night preceding the battle on Crooked River, I slept at Father Cutler's, about the dawning of day, I awoke Brother Scott and told him that the brethren had had a battle, for I had seen it. We arose and saddled our horses and rode ten miles, and stopped with Brother Ewing to get some breakfast. While here, the news of the battle was brought by two of the mob residents, who came to advise Brother Ewing to give up his arms, but the presence there of myself and Brother Scott rendered the difference in our number rather against them. Our breakfast over, we secured the services of a guide, and we travelled directly across the country to Far West.
When the light of day was gone, we were furnished with light from the burning prairie.
We arrived in Far West early on the morning of the 29th of October. I called at Brother Rigdon's where I saw Brother O'Banion who was dying of his wound, received at Crooked River. Some hours later, in the morning of the same day, the corpse of Brother David W. Patten was brought into town.
On this morning a company of men, under the command of Colonel Hinkle, of which I was one, started out into the country, hearing that there was a large force in the vicinity of Crooked River. When some five or six miles on the way, we learned that there was an army making their way to Far West. On the receipt of this intelligence we commenced our retreat, in a circuitous route, to Far West, passing the rear of the enemy while they passed in, on the south of the city, within one mile of which they encamped, while we entered it from the east near night, and joined our brethren, already formed in line of defence on the south of the city.
While the mob were making their way towards the city, they made a prisoner of Father John Tanner, whom they brutally treated, by striking him on the head with a rifle. From the bleeding of his wounds he was besmeared from head to foot. He was kept one night, and then turned out to carry to his friends the corpse of the murdered Carey.
On the night of the 30th of October, we were engaged in preparing for defence, in, and about the city, by throwing up a barricade made of cabin logs, fence rails, wagons, which were around the city.
"Learn, when you teach the truth to your children who prattle around your knee, and are trying to cultivate a love of it in them, that you are determining their destiny and your own, and their relationship un-changeably with the increase, perpetual and eternal growth of God's kingdom. Do not for a moment pass by those labors of love to your children as matters of comparatively little value, for in them are your hopes of glory, heaven, happiness, bliss and joy in that great future of glory we are looking for." AML
His Conversion He was early placed upon his own resources, for when he was about two years old his father left home for the western country, never to return, and is supposed to have died in New Orleans. At the age of eighteen, just a year after the organization of the church, he became somewhat thoughtful on religious subjects. In the spring of 1832, Lyman E. Johnson and Orson Pratt visited the neighborhood where he lived and Amasa believed in their doctrine and was baptized by the former on April 27, 1832, being confirmed the following day by Orson Pratt.
Apostle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Son of Roswell Lyman and Martha Mason. Born 30 March 1813 in Lyman, Grafton County, New Hampshire. Baptized 27 April 1832, Ordained elder by Joseph Smith in Hiram, Ohio, 23 August 1832, Member of Zion’s Camp 1834, Appointed member of First Presidency 20 January 1843, Appointed to campaign for Joseph Smith as President of United States April 1844, Sustained member of Quorum of Twelve 12 August 1844, Appointed September 1849 to present to California Constitutional Convention proposal that California and Deseret form one large state, Appointed to lead company of Saints to San Bernardino, California. Left with company of 437 24 March 1851, Arrived in Liverpool 27 July 1860. Presided over European Mission with Charles C. Rich until 14 May 1862, Excommunicated 12 May 1870 for persisting in teaching unorthodox doctrine pertaining to atonement of Christ and for associating with Godbeites, Died in Fillmore, Millard County, Utah, 4 February 1877.
Amasa Married, (6)Pauline Eliza Phelps, (7)Priscilla Turley,
Mormons left Nauvoo
Amasa sent to Colorado
Entered Salt Lake Valley
First Presidency Organized & Brigham Young sustained President of Church
Mexican War ends
Amasa & O.P. Rockwell sent to California for tithing & support from California to join Utah in admission US
Sam Brannan & others used position to collect tithing and wouldn’t send to Church
President Zachary Taylor dies
Amasa called to return to Utah
Utah becomes Territory California becomes State
Lyman & Rich Party started to California
Plural Marriage made public by Church
Amasa & (8)Lydia Clisbee Partridge Married
Brigham began teachings of Adam-God
Filmore abandoned as state capital for Utah
Called to prepare to go on Mission to England
Left California for Utah
US Troops sent to drive Mormons out (Utah War)
Mountain Meadow Massacre
Sent along Colorado River to watch for US troops
Troops enter Salt Lake Valley
Conflict in Quorum (Orson Pratt vs Brigham Young Teachings)
Amasa begins mission to England
Civil War Begins
Dundee Scotland Address
Returned to Utah
Called into question by the Quorum
Called to move to Filmore
Brigham married last 3 of 27 wives
Eliza notes Amasa’s change in demeanor in her diary
Amasa signed letter of error
Orson Pratt/Brigham disagree on Bible(Joseph Smith Translation)
Amasa dropped from the twelve
Godbe “& Harrison excomunicated
Utah women given right to vote, Seraph Young, Utah, 1st woman in US to vote
Haight & Lee excommunicated
David Smith (RLDS) Joseph’s son
Ann Eliza Webb filed for divorce from Brigham
Amasa fell from scaffold
Orson Hyde & Orson Pratt demoted behind Taylor & Woodruff in Quorum
Lee tried in civil court and was convicted of the Mountain Meadow Massacre
St George Temple completed
Brigham Young Death
Francis Marion Lyman made Apostle
Utah gained statehood
June 1, 1801
Dec 23, 1805
Mar 30, 1813
Apr 27, 1832
June 10, 1835
Aug 20, 1842
Jun 27, 1844
Sept 6, 1844
Aug 8, 1844
Nov , 1844 (Jan 13, 1846)
July , 1845 (Jan 16, 1846)
Fall of 1845 (Jan 16, 1846)
Jan 16, 1846
Feb 15, 1846
Jul 16, 1846
July 24, 1847
Dec 27, 1847
Feb 2, 1848
April 8, 1849
July 9, 1850
Aug 17, 1850
Mar 11, 1851
Aug , 1852
Feb 7, 1853
Sept , 1856
Apr 15, 1857
July , 1857
Sept 11, 1857
Sept 29, 1857
June 26, 1858
Apr 5, 1860
May 1, 1860
Mar 16, 1862
Sept , 1862
Sept 12, 1862
Oct 8, 1862
Jan 24, 1863 Jan 8, 1865 Apr 6, 1868
Jan 23, 1867
May 10, 1869
Oct 8, 1869
Feb 12, 1870 Feb 14, 1870
May 12, 1870
Aug 24, 1874
Apr 10, 1875
Sept 13, 1876
Apr 6, 1877
Feb 4, 1877
Aug 29, 1877
Oct 27, 1880
Jan 4, 1896
Jan 12, 1909
Left England for America
opening up of the western settlement
War with England
Lyman, Grafton Co, New Hampshire
Lyman E. Johnson & Orson Pratt
Amasa was 21 years old
spending months in jail
Lee County, Iowa
Amasa goes against Sidney Rigdon’s request to lead the church and supports the twelve
Nauvoo, Ill (sealing date)
Nauvoo, Ill (sealing date)
Nauvoo, Ill (sealing date)
Council Bluff. Iowa
Met Mississippi Mormons near Denver to help guide them to Utah (Black members in group)
Salt Lake Valley
Winter Quarters, Iowa
Utah area becomes part of United States
Californina Gold Rush Converts Trip by ship around tip of South America 5 months to California Trip by land 3 to 4 months
Californina Gold Rush California applies for Statehood
President Taylor was pro slavery replaced by President Millard Filmore
Californina Gold Rush
Utah appointed Governor by Federal Gov. California becomes a “Free of Slavery” State because of President Filmore and others.
Of 25 families called for, 500 people were in Payson, Utah ready to go, Brigham upset and wouldn’t speak. (Many Blacks accompanied party because California was free state and Utah was a slave territory)
Up to this time Plural Marriage was quietly carried on without public scrutiny
Salt Lake Valley
Teachings were not readily accepted by many of the quorum and were not incorporated in their teachings
Salt Lake was determined to be the better location for capital
Returned to California to settle affairs and prepare to go on mission
Left 4 families there
News came of US Army being dispatched to Utah, Word to return to Utah with haste sent out to all scattered Mormons.
Many of Amasa’s friends were involved, he heard many confessions during the next year.
He and 8 young men from Iron Co (same group as above)
Brigham removed from position as Governor
Orson reprimanded and signed letter of apology penned by others in quorum for not following President. Order of the 12 changed and Orson Hyde and Orson Pratt demoted?
He and Rich in charge of all church activities east of the Atlantic, accompanied by Francis
President Abraham Lincoln
“Nature of the Mission of Jesus Christ”
Condemned for the Dundee lecture denying the Savior’s Atonement
Brigham ask Amasa to move all his families to Filmore to settle.
age 61... Harriet Folsom(the favorite)...24 age 63... Mary Van Cott...22 age 66... Ann Webb(later divorced)...23
Ask for forgiveness for teaching doctrine without approval of the Priesthood Leaders.
The Reorganized published the Joseph Smith Translation and it now was public but Brigham apposed its use.
“Godbeites” were calling for a return of Mormonism to its natural & pure state, eliminate “unthinking obedience”
excommunicated for their part of the Mountain Meadow Massacre
Tried to sway David from RLDS views, during this time the RLDS was converting old saints who stayed in San Bernardino
granted divorce Jan 1875
up to this time they were senior apostles, but Brigham changed order to prevent them from taking position as president.
Lee called no witnesses and provided no evidence, and at last called himself a scapegoat for others involved, killed in 1877
President Grover Cleveland
All blessings were restored lick here to edit.
His Early Missions On account of his joining the Latter -day Saints ill feeling arose against him, in his uncle's family where he resided, and for that reason he set off for a journey with only scanty provisions and clothing. He arrived at Lyons, Wayne Co., New York, and hired out to Thomas Lackey, who, by -the -bye, was the man who purchased Martin Harris' farm when he sold it to raise money for printing the Book of Mormon. He only stopped here a couple of weeks, and then made his way to Buffalo, and thence to Cleveland, Ohio, and later to Hyrum, Portage Co., Ohio, where he was received by Father Johnson and family. He soon met the Prophet Joseph Smith and was given a living testimony by the spirit that he was a man of God. He was called on a mission on the 23d of August, 1832, by the Prophet Joseph, who ordained him an elder, and labored during the following winter with Zerubabel Snow in southern Ohio and Cable Co., Virginia. They returned to Kirtland early the following spring having added forty souls to the church. He filled a second mission with William F. Cahoon, leaving March 21, 1833, and journeying as far as Chautauqua and Cattaraugus counties, New York. During this mission he held 150 meetings and there were about a hundred souls added to the church. While on this mission the call reached him to go to Missouri. Arriving in Kirtland on May lst, 1834, a few days later he joined Zion's Camp at New Portage, and traveled with this organization to Missouri, suffering all the privations and difficulties of that famous trip. Having attended the dedication of the Kirtland temple, in the spring of 1836, in company with Elder Nathan Tanner he filled another mission that year to the state of New York. In 1837, he went to Missouri and there experienced all the persecutions to which those of his belief were subjected. His family in the meantime were enabled to move to Illinois and he joined them in March, 1839. During that year he made two dangerous trips to Missouri for the purpose of assisting Elder Parley P. Pratt and his fellow -prisoners and to attend to unsettled business. He settled in Iowa in the spring of 1840, building a cabin for his family on the half -breed Indian tract in Lee county. In 1841, with his family, he moved to Nauvoo and later was called on a mission to northern Illinois and Wisconsin. He was subsequently directed in company with Peter Haws to go on a mission to secure means to build the Nauvoo temple and Nauvoo House, going as far east as Indiana. In the spring of 1842 he was sent on a mission to the state of Tennessee with Horace K. Whitney and others. On the 20th of August, 1842, Elder Lyman was ordained to the apostleship, and the following month sent on a mission to southern Illinois in company with Elder George A. Smith, being a part of the time in company with Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball. He went through many of the privations and trials at Nauvoo and filled many other missions in the states around about. In the spring of 1844 he went to Nauvoo to attend the April Conference, and it was here determined that he should go to Boston. He had proceeded only as far as Cincinnati (remaining until July), when he received the news of the massacre of the prophet and patriarch, Joseph and Hyrum Smith. He was recalled to Nauvoo, arriving there July 31, 1844, and was present at the meeting at Nauvoo on August 8th following when the twelve apostles were acknowledged as the presiding quorum of the church. He rendered efficient aid during the exodus of his people from Illinois in 1846, and was one of the pioneers of Utah in 1847. In 1848 he led a large company of immigrants to the great Salt Lake valley. In 1850 he went on a mission to California, returning September 30th, of that year, and in 1851 he and Apostle Charles C. Rich were appointed to lead a company of settlers to California. This company left Payson, March 24, 1851, and arrived at San Bernardino the following June. It was a few months later, in September, that the ranch of San Bernardino was purchased, and a settlement was located. This was continued until 1857, when the Johnston army -Echo Canyon hostilities caused it to disintegrate when most of the inhabitants had gone to Utah.
From "Bound for Canaan" There was hardly any settling time before Brigham Young called a number of men - including Madison Flake, Amasa Lyman, Charles Rich, George Q. Cannon, and Porter Rockwell - to uproot once more and head towards California. There was gold there, which might be useful to improve Zion. In 1849, these men with two slaves, Hark Lay and Oscar Crosby, said goodby to their families again and directed themselves south in a pack train. Amasa Lyman and Porter Rockwell left first, in April......... Amasa Lyman was a round faced, green-eyed fellow who loved to hunt and eat hearty, though he could get tired enough to quit the most promising chase. Back in Winter Quarters, he and Madison had hunted antelope and lost their horses. They pursued their mounts all day and didn't catch them till dusk. After that , Amasa said. "No more hunting for me. Too much walk." But he would walk where Brother Brigham told him to, even if it ment California. Amasa was a Church apostle, ordained by Joseph Smith. He would go where God's prophet said. (on this adventure it was said that "by the spring of 1851 a total of $80,000 (mostly gold) had been funneled into the Mormon mint")
Amasa participated in this play to help pay off a debt held against Joseph Smith.
San Bernardino, California's first Mayor In 1849 President Young assigned Elders Amasa M. Lyman and Charles C. Rich of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles to travel throughout California to determine what kind of Church presence was feasible there. San Bernardino was incorporated in 1854, and Elder Lyman became the first mayor. Colony clerk Richard Hopkins noted that various races—“white, black, and red”—mingled without distinction. The community thus helped fulfill Nephi’s declaration that God “inviteth … all to come unto him … , black and white, bond and free, … and all are alike unto God, both Jew and Gentile.” In 1857, when a federal army threatened to invade Utah, President Young requested that colonists from outlying areas return to Utah to help deal with the crisis.
His Later Missions In 1860 he filled a mission to Great Britain, arriving July . 27th, and in connection with Apostle Charles C. Rich presided over the European mission until March 14, 1862, when he returned home. It was while on this mission that he delivered the remarkable sermon at Dundee, Scotland, March 16, 1862, in which he denied the atonement of the Savior. Some time later he was summoned to answer the charge of having preached false doctrine, and he acknowledged his error, and signed a document January 23, 1867, in which he asked forgiveness of the authorities. Soon after, however, he again preached in the same strain, and was finally excommunicated May 12, 1870.
His Death He died at Fillmore, Millard county, Utah, February 4, 1877.